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Why is the elevator installation difficult in the old community? Public policy must be "exactly precise"
Date:2019-09-16    Source:

  Recently, residents in a residential area in Beijing wanted to install an elevator. However, because the owner of the first floor asked for a “signature fee” of 1 million yuan, it was difficult for the owners to reach a consensus and the project did not progress.

  The cost of a civilian ordinary elevator is only a few hundred thousand yuan. If you find a word on the first floor, you have to ask for a million yuan. There are indeed some "lions open". After the problem of adding elevators in the old community was written into the government work report for two consecutive years, many cities have introduced policies for encouragement and guidance. However, due to the inconsistent opinions between the high-rise households and the low-rise households, the inconsistent interests and the difficulty of coordination, there are not many real and smooth elevators. Although it is an extreme case to ask for the "signature fee" for the sky-high price, it is not uncommon for the individual owners to object to the suspension of the project.

  Looking at the policy documents issued by many places, there are generally such provisions: First, the addition of elevators should be approved by the owners who account for more than two-thirds of the total area of the building and account for more than two-thirds of the total number of people. Second, "If it intends to occupy the exclusive part of the owner, it shall also obtain the consent of the owner of the exclusive part and reach a written agreement"; Third, if the "when the written objection is received during the public notice period, the builder shall fully consult with the opponent, and The consultation with the opponents is stated in the public report."

  In spite of the “two-thirds” rule, there is a clause of “the owner’s consent should be obtained if it is intended to occupy the exclusive part of the owner”, which means that in practice, as long as there is one household Oppose, the elevator installation can not advance. This has made the actual elevator installation rate not high everywhere. Even in Nanjing, which is in front of the whole country, it has only installed more than 600 units so far. Compared with the huge demand for ladders, this is tantamount to “drizzle”.

  Objectively speaking, the existing relevant policies point to the opinions are basically clear, have certain operability, and have also led to some successful explorations. But in general, there are still a lot of "fuzzy intervals", and some "details patches" need to be made.

  At present, most of the old residential elevator installations are mainly "cards" in the residents' negotiation. The users on the sixth floor strongly demanded that the residents on the first floor were unwilling to install them. How to coordinate in the middle? Who is going to coordinate? How to compensate the first floor users? How much compensation is appropriate? The common people are not "negotiating experts". Once the coordination is weak, things will be difficult to advance. In the case of “failure” of resident autonomy, policy makers should promptly issue specific implementation rules and give clear guidance. For example, the addition of elevators has more advantages than disadvantages for high-rise households, but for lower-level households, it does more harm than good. How does this pros and cons affect quantitative assessment? How to compensate? Can you introduce some specific standards? For another example, can the financial compensation for the owner of the damaged equity be given a price tag or interval within the framework of the rule of law based on the degree of damage, the price of the house or the cost of the elevator? and many more. These need to be further improved.

  The installation of elevators is a new demand emerging after the city develops, and it is also a new topic of urban construction management and social governance. The exploration of adding an elevator has just started and everything is still in the works. We believe that over time, relevant policies will become more and more perfect and solutions will be more and more. But for the time being, the policy has been introduced, but the problem is still unresolved. This gives us a wake-up call: public policy must be implemented in detail, and we must pay attention to "detailed precision." A public policy starting point is good, and the big principle is scientific, but there are still some "fuzzy intervals" in the details of specific operations, and the effectiveness of the policy will be greatly reduced. There is no perfect system in the world, only a suitable system, and sometimes some good policies that meet the needs of the people and conform to the current reality. For different reasons, the effect may not be satisfactory in the implementation process.

  This shows that for some public policies that are being explored, we should not ignore or avoid new problems and new situations exposed during the implementation process. Instead, we should review them in a timely manner based on local conditions, and repair and improve them in a targeted manner. To meet the new needs of residents and fill in gaps in policy to improve the applicability and rationality of public policies, so that policy effects and institutional goodwill are fully released.

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